ʶҺѹҪѯ
ѹ


 
 
 

  ɮ ѹ
Ҿ ù俿Ǵ ͹ѡѹ 硵͹ դسѵ ҧ˹ سѵ 繤 ҡó ҧ͹ 㹵ǹ俿Ǵ ҷ Դ͹ ͧç ö͸Ժ سѵ ҧ蹢ͧ ͹ѡѹ 硵͹ Ǣ͹ ͸Ժ ǡѺ سѵ 繤 ͧ硵͹ Фسѵ ҧԡ Ǣͧ

繤 ͧ硵͹ зɮ ͹

硵͹ ͹Ҥ m = 9.11x10-31 (Kg) Ш -e = 1.60x10-19 (C) ǡѹ سѵ 繤蹴 蹨ʴ ¤ ԧ w ǿǡ k Ԩٴ w k ͧ 硵͹ դѹ Ѻѧҹ e p

w = e / h ......... (1)

k = p / h ......... (2)

Шҡᢹ Ԫҡʵ͹ Ԩٴͧ硵͹ f (r,t) դҡѺ ٷͧ Ҩ ͧ 硵͹ ˹ r t ҨоԨó 硵͹ Ẻ˹Ե plane wave

(x) = oe jkxX .........(3)

㹡óչ Ҩ ͧ 硵͹ fo2 Ѻʶҹ ˹觢ͧ 硵͹ ֧͹ ˹ ҵ˹ ͧ͹Ҥ 硵͹ ҺѴ X = O Ҩ¹

(x) = d(x) .........(4)

âͧ f(x)

(x) = (1)/(2p)(kx)e(jkxx) dkx .........(5)

reverse fourier

F(kx) = (1)/(2p) (x)e -(jkxx) dx ......... (6)

ҡ÷ (5) (6)

F(kx) = 1/2p ........ (7)

᷹ҹŧ÷ 4 Px = hkx դ͹ ͧԨó ó͹Ҥ ҳҺdz DX ᷹ f(X) ŧ

F(kx) = (DX)/ 2p sin(Kx DX/2) ......... (8)

ѹҧ͹ͧ˹Ф͹ͧ wave mumber ͧ͹Ҥ
F(kx) о ҧ ͧ wave vector space
Dkx ~ 1/ DX ҡѹ Ťٳ ͧ ͹ ͧ˹ DX Ф͹ ͧ DPX

DxDkx 1, Ǥ

DxDp h

ҡš÷ͧԧ Ҩ

DxDpx >= h ......... (9)

ù

ͧ͹ (principle of uncertainty) 觡繤Ӿٴ 㹡Ѵ˹ ͧ͹Ҥ դԴҴ DX ͤԴҴ 㹡Ѵ˹ Dpx ͤԴҴ㹡Ѵ 㹡Ѵ 2 ҧ ѹ Ťٳͧ DX Dpx դҡ h (ҧ·شҡѺ h)



     
§ҹ Ԫ ʴʵ   

 

˹ѧ硷͹ԡ

 

 

˹ѧ硷͹ԡԡ 1 ˹ѧͿԡ 1 Ҥʵ
˹ѧͿԡ 1  Ҥ ͧ ͹Ф ˹ѧ硷͹ԡԡ 2

 

  ¹͹ԡ 1  ҹҧԹ

1. Ѵ 2. ǡ
3.  ͹Ẻ˹Ե 4.  ͹躹йҺ
5.  ͹ͧǵѹ 6. ûء졮͹ͧǵѹ
7.  ҹоѧҹ  8.  ô
9.  ع   10.  Ţͧѵ
11. ͹ẺҺ 12. ״
13. ʵͧ   14. ҳ͹  䡡ö͹͹
15. ͷ˹ͧͧ䴹ԡ  16. سѵԧšŢͧ
17.  18. Ф§

  ¹͹ԡ 2  ҹҧԹ  

1. 俿ʶԵ 2.  ʹ俿
3. ҧͧ¿  4.  纻ШСõ͵ǵҹҹ 
5. ѡ俿 6. 俿 
7. ʹ  8.˹ǹ
9. 俿ҡѺ  10. ҹ 
11. ʹ俿ҡ 

12. ʧСͧ

13. ɮѷҾ 14. ʵ͹
15. çҧͧе 16.  

  ¹͹ԡ  ҹҧԹ

1. ʵ ( kinematic)

   2. žʵ (kinetics) 

3. ҹ 4. ԡ §
5.  ͧšѺ͹ 6.俿ʶԵѺ俿 
7. 俿  8.    俿ҡѺʧ
9.  ɮѷҾ е    

 

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